Backflow & Cross-Connection Prevention
If you are a property owner with an in-ground sprinkler system or private well, state and local laws require that you install and maintain a backflow prevention device on your service line and have it inspected yearly by a certified tester.
Backflow is a flow in reverse from the normal direction of flow in a piping system. It occurs due to a differential pressure existing between two different points within a continuous fluid system; a fluid of higher pressures flowing to a fluid of lower pressure. Backflow may occur due to either "backsiphonage" or "backpressure."
A cross connection is any actual or potential physical connection between a "potable water" line and any pipe, vessel, or machine containing a non-potable fluid, solid or gas, allowing possible entry to the water system by backflow. The non-potable or unapproved water supply system may contain contaminated liquids, solids, or gases, of unknown or unsafe quality. Bypass arrangements such as jumper connections, removable sections, swivel or changeover devices are considered to be a cross connection.This would include, but is not limited to:
- Plumbing fixtures
- Storage reservoirs
If you have or are planning on installing an irrigation system, you must first comply with Washington State Law (WAC 246-290), and City of Washougal Ordinance (13.40). These laws require that all irrigation systems have approved backflow protection. A plumbing permit is also required when installing an irrigation system. Without proper backflow protection, your irrigation system could endanger the health of your family, neighbors, and others in the community who are using the public water system.
Termination of Water Service
Improper installation of a state-approved backflow prevention device or failure to meet testing requirements are grounds for termination of water service. The three state-approved backflow assemblies that follow are required to be installed per City of Washougal standards, and must be tested by a Washington certified tester upon installation and yearly thereafter:
- Double Check Detector Assemblies (DCDA)
- Double Check Valve Assemblies (DCVA)
- Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assemblies (PVBA)
- Reduced Pressure Backflow Assemblies (RPBA)
Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker
The atmospheric vacuum breaker is the only backflow prevention device that does not require annual testing.
On-Site Water Wells
If you have an on-site well and would like City of Washougal water service, you must first comply with Washington state law (WAC 173-160 and WAC 246-290), and Washougal Municipal Ordinance (13.40), before the city can install water service. Failure to comply with state and local regulations are grounds for termination of the water service. The following regulations must be met before water service begins:
- If you choose to keep your well: Installation and testing of a state-approved reduced-pressure backflow assembly (RPBA), per City of Washougal Standards Specifications. This backflow prevention device must be protected from freezing.
- If you choose to abandon your well: Proper abandonment procedures, per Washington state law WAC 173-160, using a licensed well driller. Capping the well or pulling the pump is not proper abandonment and will require installation of a state-approved reduced-pressure backflow assembly device.
If you have any questions concerning backflow installations, certified testers, or approved backflow prevention device please contact the Water Department by phone at 360-835-2662, or email Travis Davis or email Brian Wilson.
Customers and testers can submit backflow test reports directly to the City by email.